Rosacea: Common Questions
Rosacea is a chronic skin disorder that causes flushing, redness, and inflammation on the face...
What is Rosacea?
- Rosacea is a chronic skin disorder that causes flushing, redness, and inflammation on the face
- Burning, stinging, and itching are common sensations
- Rosacea symptoms come and go with periods of remission and flares
- Rosacea is often a progressive condition, worsening with time
- The first symptoms of Rosacea are often facial blushing and flushing that persist longer than usual
- Although Rosacea cannot be cured at this time, it can be managed effectively
What are the main symptoms of Rosacea?
- Flushing and inflammation on the cheek, nose, chin, and the forehead area
- Dilated blood vessels on the cheeks
- If mild, Rosacea may closely resemble sunburn or acne
- Swelling, acne-like bumps, and pustules may form if the condition is advanced
- In some cases, the eyes may become affected becoming dry and irritated (ocular Rosacea)
- In very severe cases, patients may develop a bulbous nose (rhinophyma)
Who gets Rosacea?
- Common disorder that affects nearly 15 million Americans
- Most commonly starts between the age of 30 and 50
- Affects more women than men, but men tend to have more severe symptoms
- Affects fair skinned people most commonly
- Those from a North Western descent may be more prone to this disorder--another name for Rosacea is "Curse of the Celts"
What causes Rosacea?
- The exact cause of Rosacea is not understood at this time
- Genetics play a major role in this disorder as this condition tends to run in families
- More is known about environmental factors that cause Rosacea to temporarily worsen
What factors commonly trigger Rosacea flares?
- Sun exposure in the affected area
- Emotional stress
- Wind exposure
- Strenuous exercise
- Alcohol consumption
- Spicy foods
- Hot foods or drinks
How do I treat Rosacea?
- If you suspect that you may have Rosacea, visit a dermatologist; many other skin diseases can at least temporarily mimic the symptoms of Rosacea
- Rosacea is generally diagnosed by sight and history of symptoms although a skin biopsy may be used to confirm a diagnosis
- Topical treatments such as azelaic acid and metronidazole can help control the redness
- Oral antibiotics may be prescribed to control moderate to severe Rosacea
- In extremely severe cases, Isotretinoin (Accutane) may be prescribed
- Alternatively, lasers or chemical peels may be recommended by some dermatologists
- Sunscreen should be used regularly as sun exposure is a very common trigger for Rosacea flares